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Glossary of Abbreviations


3-HBDH β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase
AAMI Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (USA)
ABPM Ambulatory blood pressure measurement
aka Also known as
AMA American Medical Association
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AST Alternative site testing
Avg / AVG Average
BGM Blood glucose meter / Glucometer
BHS British Hypertension Society (now BIHS)
BIHS British and Irish Hypertension Society (formerly BHS)
BLS Biomedical laboratory scientist
BMI Body mass index
BP Blood pressure
BPM Blood pressure monitor / Sphygmomanometer
CAM Cardiac Arrhythmia Monitor
CCI Continuous cardiac index
CCO Continuous cardiac output
CEN Comité Européen de Normalisation; European Committee for Standardization
CLSI Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (USA); formerly NCCLS
CM Contract Manufacturer
CO Cardiac output
CO₂ Carbon dioxide
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CSA Canadian Standards Association
CTL Control
d day(s)
DBP Diastolic blood pressure
DE Germany
DET dabl Educational Trust
DHL Deutsche Hochdruckliga (German Hypertension League)
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institute for Standardisation)
dL decilitre(s)
EASC EuroAsian Interstate Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (English for МГС)
ECG Electrocardiogram
EEG Electroencephalogram
EN European Norm(s) / European Standard
ESH European Society of Hypertension
ESH-IP European Society of Hypertension International Protocol
EtCO₂ End tidal carbon dioxide
FAD Flavin adenine dinucleotide
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
GDH Glucose dehydrogenase
ГОСТ GOST Государственный Стандарт (Russian) State Standard
GOx Glucose Oxidase
HbA1c Glycated Haemoglobin
Hg Mercury
HK (Perchloric acid) hexokinase glucose analyser; aka PCA-HK [Hitachi 917, Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Mannheim, Germany]
HR Heart rate / Pulse
IA Intra-arterial
IDF International Diabetes Federation
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Im. meas. Automatic intermittent measurements at specified intervals or times
IRL Ireland
ISO International Organization for Standardization/International Standards Organization
JIS 日本工業規格 Japanese Industrial Standards
JSH Japanese Society of Hypertension
kg kilogram(s)
kPa kilopascal(s)
L litre(s)
LED Light emitting diode
m metre(s)
MAP Mean arterial pressure
MDR Medical Device Regulations – primarily (EU) 2017/745
meas Measurement(s)
mg milligram(s)
МГС MGS Межгосударственный совет по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации (Russian for EASC)
mmHg millimetre(s) of mercury
mmol millimole(s)
N₂O Nitrous oxide
NAD Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NCCLS National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (USA); Now CLSI
O₂ Oxygen
OBL Own brand labeller
ODM Original design manufacturer
OEM Original equipment manufacturer
PC Personal computer (Microsoft Windows operating system)
PCA-HK Perchloric acid hexokinase glucose analyser – see HK
PP Pulse Pressure (SBP – DBP)
PPV Pulse pressure variation
PQQ Pyrroloquinolinequinone
Pro. use Professional use
Rep. meas. Repeated measurements with average
SBP Systolic blood pressure
SKUP Skandinavisk Utprøving av Laboratorieutstyr for PrimæRhelsetjenesten (Scandinavian Evaluation of Laboratory Equipment for Primary Health Care)
SV Stroke volume
SaO₂ Arterial oxygen saturation
SO₂ Oxygen saturation
SpHb Non-invasive Haemoglobin
SpO₂ Peripheral oxygen saturation
SvO₂ True mixed venous oxygen saturation
SVR Systemic vascular resistance
SVV Stroke volume variation
TÜV Technischer Überwachungsverein Technical Inspection Association
UK United Kingdom
US / USA United States of America
VDL Validated Device Listing
WB Whole blood
YSI YSI 2300 STAT Plus glucose analyser [YSI (formerly Yellow Springs Instrument Company) Life Sciences, Yellow Springs, OH, USA]